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الأبجدية


masi eng

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[TD=width: 40%] The Alphabet

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الأبجدية

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Alif, , at the beginning of a word represents a short vowel sound (a, i, or u), a long i, or an ay sound.

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ﺍرض

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ﺍبرة

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ﺍب

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Alif madda, آ , is used when a sustained 'a' sound occurs at the beginning of a word.

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آسف

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آب

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The next character has two forms. The joined form, بـ , is used when the character is followed by another character. The full form, ب , is used when that character appears by itself or at the end of a word. Remember that Arabic is read from right to left. Arabic characters should be written form right to left as well.

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درب

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مبنى

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بيت

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بـ ب

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Most Arabic characters both joined and full forms. Here are some more characters with both forms.

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تحيات

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متظاهر

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تاج

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تـ ت

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ثلث

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آثار

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ثقيل

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ثـ ث

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Alif in the middle of a word represents a more sustained 'a' sound. Short vowels aren't represented by a letter when they appear inside a word. Alif is one of the few letters that joins with letters that precede it. It never joins with a letter that follows it.

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باب

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Quiz I - Writing Practice I


Some of the following characters have both full and joined forms. Others just have one form. The first letter, ج , is pronounced as a j everywhere except in Eygpt where it is pronounced with a hard g.

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درج

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مجلّة

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جديد

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جـ ج

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فرح

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محيط

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حيوان

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حـ ح

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خوخ

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مخفر

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خير

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خـ خ

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مجد

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مدرسة

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دكان

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د

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لذيذ

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حذاء

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ذرّة

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ذ

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دير

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هرّة

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ربيع

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ر

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رمز

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رز

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زعتر

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ز

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Quiz II - Writing Practice II


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رئيس

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رسّام

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سلام

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سـ س

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ريش

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عشاء

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شمس

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شـ ش

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قفص

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رصاص

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صعب

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صـ ص

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فرض

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فيضان

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ضفدع

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ضـ ض

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بط

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بطاطا

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طاولة

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ط

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حظ

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نظيف

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ظريف

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ظ

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Quiz III - Writing Practice III


ع and غ have four forms. One form is used when the letter starts a word, one when joined with both the preceding and following character, another when at the end of a word and joined to the preceding character, and finally a form used when it isn't joined with another character.

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شارع

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ملعقة

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عين

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عـ ـعـ ـع ع

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بليغ

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أغنية

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غالي

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غـ ـغـ ـغ غ

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خفيف

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عصفور

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فارس

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فـ ف

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شرق

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فقر

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قمر

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قـ ق

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كعك

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سمكة

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كرسي

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كـ ك

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جبل

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علبة

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لعبة

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لـ ل

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When lam, ل , and alif join, the two twist together, forming a special character- لأ .

الأبجدية

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Quiz IV - Writing Practice IV


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ألم

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كلمة

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مكتب

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مـ م

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حصان

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سنة

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نمر

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نـ ن

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ه , like ع and غ , has four forms.

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إله

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مهد

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هواء

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ه هـ ـهـ ـه

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In middle of a word, wow can represent the long vowel u or the vowel combination ou, ow, or w and at the end of a word, the long vowel u and sometimes ow.

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دلو

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طويل

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وكيل

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و

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The joined form of ya, يـ , ي is another example of a tooth. Ya is pronounced as the consonant y at the beginning of a sentence, long i, in the middle, and long i at the end.

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زي

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نيسان

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ينبوع

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يـ ي

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Quiz V - Writing Practice V

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