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هماهنگی بین معماری بومی و آب هوا( بزد)


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Harmonization between climate and architecture in vernacular

heritage: a case study in Yazd, Iran

 

PARINAZ KESHTKARANa∗

a Department of Architecture,Beiza Branch,Islamic Azad University ,Beiza,Fars,Iran

Abstract

In every country, heritage plays a significant role in achieving sustainable development. Iran is a vast country with

different climatic zones, and, in the past, traditional builders have presented several logical climatic solutions in order

to enhance human comfort. In fact, this emphasis has been one of the most important and fundamental features of

Iranian architecture. To a significant extent, Iranian architecture has been based on climate, geography, available

materials, and cultural beliefs. Therefore, traditional Iranian masons and builders had to devise various techniques to

enhance architectural sustainability through the use of natural materials, and they had to do so in the absence of

modern technologies. This paper describes the principals and methods of vernacular architectural designs in Yazd,

Iran, which is located in a dry and hot area that is one of the unique geographical and cultural regions of Iran. Design

and technological considerations, such as sustainable performance of natural materials, optimum usage of available

materials, and the use of wind and solar power, were studied in order to provide effective eco-architectural designs

for this region. The goal of this paper is to provide the architectural criteria, issues, and insights that had to be

addressed in order to provide acceptable levels of human comfort in this arid area. The architectural principals that

were developed and used in this extreme climate zone will be beneficial to other architects in the design of

architectural structures that provide human comfort in adverse climatic conditions

 

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1-s2.0-S1877705811048697-main.pdf

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